Source code for cnn2snn.converter

#!/usr/bin/env python
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# Copyright 2023 Brainchip Holdings Ltd.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
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"""Conversion of a Keras/CNN2SNN model into an Akida model"""

import os
import warnings
import tensorflow as tf
from onnx import ModelProto
from .model_generator import generate_model as cnn2snn_generate_model
from .quantizeml import generate_model as qml_generate_model
from .quantizeml.vit_encoder_block import fold_vitencoderblock

import akida
from .akida_versions import get_akida_version, AkidaVersion
from .transforms import fix_v1_activation_variables, prepare_to_convert
from .compatibility_checks import check_sequential_compatibility
from quantizeml.models import QuantizationParams, quantize as quantize_qml

[docs]def check_model_compatibility(model, device=None): """Checks that a float Keras or ONNX model is Akida compatible. The process stops on the first incompatibility encountered with an exception. The problematic step (quantization or conversion or mapping) is indicated in the exception message. Then if errors occurs, issues must be fixed iteratively in order to obtain an Akida compatible model. Note that the version context is used to determine compatibility. Args: model (:obj:`tf.keras.Model` or :obj:`onnx.ModelProto`): the model to check. device (:obj:`akida.HwDevice`, optional): the device to map on. If a device is provided, there will be a check that the model can fully run on such device. Defaults to None. Raises: ValueError: if model type is incompatbile with Akida version context. ValueError: if device is incompatibile with Akida version context. Exception: if an incompatibility is encountered on quantization/conversion/mapping steps. """ # Preliminary checks: # Onnx models are not supported on Akida v1 if (get_akida_version() == AkidaVersion.v1) and (isinstance(model, ModelProto)): raise ValueError("Akida v1 does not support ONNX models. Use Akida v2 instead.") # if a device is provided, it should be consistent with the Akida version used. if device is not None and device.version.product_id in [0, 0xa1] \ and (get_akida_version() != AkidaVersion.v1): raise ValueError(f"The device {device} is inconsistent with the Akida version used.") # Quantization step if get_akida_version() == AkidaVersion.v1: # 4 bits weights and activation per tensor q_param = QuantizationParams(activation_bits=4, input_weight_bits=4, weight_bits=4, per_tensor_activations=True) else: q_param = QuantizationParams() try: with warnings.catch_warnings(): warnings.simplefilter('ignore') model_q = quantize_qml(model, qparams=q_param, num_samples=1) except Exception as e: raise type(e)('Incompatibility found during quantization: ' + str(e)) # Conversion step try: model_ak = convert(model_q) except Exception as e: raise type(e)('Incompatibility found during conversion: ' + str(e)) if device is not None: # Mapping step try:, hw_only=True) except Exception as e: raise type(e)('Incompatibility found during mapping: ' + str(e))
[docs]def convert(model, file_path=None, input_scaling=None): """Converts a Keras or ONNX quantized model to an Akida one. This method is compatible with model quantized with :func:`cnn2snn.quantize` and :func:`quantizeml.quantize`. To check the difference between the two conversion processes check the methods _convert_cnn2snn and _convert_quantizeml below. Args: model (:obj:`tf.keras.Model` or :obj:`onnx.ModelProto`): a model to convert. file_path (str, optional): destination for the akida model. (Default value = None) input_scaling (2 elements tuple, optional): value of the input scaling. (Default value = None) Returns: :obj:`akida.Model`: an Akida model. """ if not tf.executing_eagerly(): raise SystemError("Tensorflow eager execution is disabled. " "It is required to convert Keras weights to Akida.") # Check if the model has been quantized with quantizeml by checking quantized layers type # or with ONNX tools cnn2snn_model = not (isinstance(model, ModelProto) or any("quantizeml" in str(type(layer)) for layer in model.layers)) # Convert the model if cnn2snn_model: ak_model = _convert_cnn2snn(model, input_scaling) else: if input_scaling: warnings.warn(UserWarning("Cannot use input_scaling parameter when converting" " quantizeml models to akida.")) ak_model = _convert_quantizeml(model) # Perform post conversion checks on the model ak_model = _post_conversion_checks(ak_model) # Save model if file_path is given if file_path: # Create directories dir_name, base_name = os.path.split(file_path) if base_name: file_root, file_ext = os.path.splitext(base_name) if not file_ext: file_ext = '.fbz' else: file_root = file_ext = '.fbz' if dir_name and not os.path.exists(dir_name): os.makedirs(dir_name) save_path = os.path.join(dir_name, file_root + file_ext) return ak_model
def _convert_quantizeml(model): """Converts a Keras or ONNX quantized model with quantizeml to an Akida one. After quantizing a Keras model with :func:`quantizeml.quantize`, it can be converted to an Akida model. Args: model (:obj:`tf.keras.Model` or :obj:`onnx.ModelProto`): the model to convert. Returns: :obj:`akida.Model`: an Akida model. """ # Generate Akida model with empty weights/thresholds for now ak_model = qml_generate_model(model) return ak_model def _convert_cnn2snn(model, input_scaling=None): """Converts a Keras quantized model to an Akida one. After quantizing a Keras model with :func:`cnn2snn.quantize`, it can be converted to an Akida model. By default, the conversion expects that the Akida model takes 8-bit images as inputs. ``input_scaling`` defines how the images have been rescaled to be fed into the Keras model (see note below). If inputs are spikes, Akida inputs are then expected to be integers between 0 and 15. Note: The relationship between Keras and Akida inputs is defined as:: input_akida = input_scaling[0] * input_keras + input_scaling[1]. If a :class:`tf.keras.layers.Rescaling` layer is present as first layer of the model, ``input_scaling`` must be None: the :class:`Rescaling` parameters will be used to compute the input scaling. Examples: >>> # Convert a quantized Keras model with Keras inputs as images >>> # rescaled between -1 and 1 >>> inputs_akida = images.astype('uint8') >>> inputs_keras = (images.astype('float32') - 128) / 128 >>> model_akida = cnn2snn.convert(model_keras, input_scaling=(128, 128)) >>> model_akida.predict(inputs_akida) >>> # Convert a quantized Keras model with Keras inputs as spikes and >>> # input scaling of (2.5, 0). Akida spikes must be integers between >>> # 0 and 15 >>> inputs_akida = spikes.astype('uint8') >>> inputs_keras = spikes.astype('float32') / 2.5 >>> model_akida = cnn2snn.convert(model_keras, input_scaling=(2.5, 0)) >>> model_akida.predict(inputs_akida) >>> # Convert and directly save the Akida model to fbz file. >>> cnn2snn.convert(model_keras, 'model_akida.fbz') Args: model (:obj:`tf.keras.Model`): a tf.keras model input_scaling (2 elements tuple, optional): value of the input scaling. (Default value = None) Returns: :obj:`akida.Model`: an Akida model. Raises: ValueError: If ``input_scaling[0]`` is null or negative. ValueError: If a :class:`Rescaling` layer is present and ``input_scaling`` is not None. SystemError: If Tensorflow is not run in eager mode. """ # Check Keras Rescaling layer to replace the input_scaling rescaling_input_scaling = _get_rescaling_layer_params(model) if rescaling_input_scaling is not None and input_scaling is not None: raise ValueError("If a Rescaling layer is present in the model, " "'input_scaling' argument must be None. Receives " f"{input_scaling}.") input_scaling = rescaling_input_scaling or input_scaling or (1, 0) if input_scaling[0] <= 0: raise ValueError("The scale factor 'input_scaling[0]' must be strictly" f" positive. Receives: input_scaling={input_scaling}") # Prepare model for conversion sync_model = prepare_to_convert(model) # Check model compatibility check_sequential_compatibility(sync_model) # Generate Akida model with converted weights/thresholds ak_model = cnn2snn_generate_model(sync_model, input_scaling) return ak_model def _get_rescaling_layer_params(model): """Computes the new input scaling retrieved from the Keras `Rescaling` layer. Keras Rescaling layer works as: input_k = scale * input_ak + offset CNN2SNN input scaling works as: input_ak = input_scaling[0] * input_k + input_scaling[1] Equivalence leads to: input_scaling[0] = 1 / scale input_scaling[1] = -offset / scale Args: model (:obj:`tf.keras.Model`): a tf.keras model. Returns: tuple: the new input scaling from the Rescaling layer or None if no Rescaling layer is at the beginning of the model. """ Rescaling = tf.keras.layers.Rescaling for layer in model.layers[:2]: if isinstance(layer, Rescaling): return (1 / layer.scale, -layer.offset / layer.scale) return None def _post_conversion_checks(model): """ Perform post-conversion checks on an akida model. The model is not necessarily changed and can be the original one. Args: model (Model): the model to check """ if model.ip_version == akida.core.IpVersion.v1: # check if the akida v1 model has an unvalid act_step, that prevents the model # to map on HW. If so equalize the Akida model activation variables. fix_v1_activation_variables(model) elif model.ip_version == akida.core.IpVersion.v2: # look for attention and group constitutive layers into VitEncoderBlock layer when possible model = fold_vitencoderblock(model) return model